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Hot isostatic pressing of aluminum–silicon alloys fabricated by laser powder-bed fusion

  • Hot isostatic pressing can be utilized to reduce the anisotropic mechanical properties of Al–Si–Mg alloys fabricated by laser powder-bed fusion (L-PBF). The implementation of post processing densification processes can open up new fields of application by meeting high quality requirements defined by aircraft and automotive industries. A gas pressure of 75 MPa during hot isostatic pressing lowers the critical cooling rate required to achieve a supersaturated solid solution. Direct aging uses this pressure related effect during heat treatment in modern hot isostatic presses, which offer advanced cooling capabilities, thereby avoiding the necessity of a separate solution annealing step for Al–Si–Mg cast alloys. Hot isostatic pressing, followed by rapid quenching, was applied to both sand cast as well as laser powder-bed fused Al–Si–Mg aluminum alloys. It was shown that the critical cooling rate required to achieve a supersaturated solid solution is significantly higher for additively manufactured, age-hardenable aluminum alloys than it is for comparable sand cast material. The application of hot isostatic pressing can be combined with heat treatment, consisting of solution annealing, quenching and direct aging, in order to achieve both a dense material with a small number of preferred locations for the initiation of fatigue cracks and a high material strength.

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Author:S. Hafenstein, L. Hitzler, E. Sert, A. Öchsner, M. Merkel, E. Werner
Parent Title (English):Technologies
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2020
Release Date:2021/01/11
Page Number:10
Open Access?:nur im Hochschulnetz
Relevance:Peer reviewed nach anderen Listungen (mit Nachweis zum Peer Review Verfahren)
Licence (German):License LogoVeröffentlichungsvertrag ohne Print-on-Demand