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Probleme beim Übergang von der stationären zur ambulanten Depressionsbehandlung

  • Background: Few data are available on the characteristics of inpatient treatment and subsequent outpatient treatment for depression in Germany. In this study, we aimed to characterize the inpatient and outpatient treatment phases, to determine the rates of readmission and mortality, and to identify risk factors. Methods: We carried out a descriptive statistical analysis of routine administrative data from a large health-insurance carrier (BARMER). All insurees aged 18 to 65 who were treated in 2015 as inpatients on a psychiatry and psychotherapy service or on a psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy service with a main diagnosis of depression were included in the analysis. Risk factors for readmission and death were determined with the aid of mixed logistic regression. Results: Of the 22 893 patients whose data were analyzed, 78% had been hospitalized on a psychiatry and psychotherapy service and 22% on a psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy service. The median length of hospital stay was 42 days. Follow-up care in the outpatient setting failed to conform with the recommendations of the pertinent guidelines in 92% of the patients with a main diagnosis of severe depression during hospitalization, and in 50% of those with moderate depression. 21% of the patients were readmitted within a year. The mortality at one year was 961 per 100 000 individuals (adjusted for the age and sex structure of the German population), or 3.4 times the mortality of the population at large. In the regression model, more treatment units during hospitalization and subsequent treatment with psychotherapy were associated with a lower probability of readmission, while longer hospitalization with subsequent pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy was associated with lower mortality. Conclusion: The recommendations of the national (German) S3 guidelines for the further care of patients who have been hospitalized for depression are inadequately implemented at present in the sectored structures of in- and outpatient care in the German health care system. This patient group has marked excess mortality.

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Metadaten
Author:H.F. Wiegand, J. Saam, U. Marschall, A. Chmitorz, L. Kriston, M. Berger, K. Lieb, L.P. Hölzel
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2020.0472
Parent Title (German):Deutsches Ärzteblatt
Subtitle (German):Analyse administrativer Versorgungsdaten einer großen deutschen Krankenkasse
Title Additional (English):Challenges in the Transition from In-Patient to Out-Patient Treatment in Depression - An Analysis of Administrative Health Care Data From a Large German Health Insurer
Publisher:Deutscher Ärzte-Verlag
Place of publication:Köln
Document Type:Article
Language:German
Year of Completion:2020
Release Date:2021/01/26
Volume:117
Issue:27-28
Page Number:8
First Page:472
Last Page:479
Open Access?:nur im Hochschulnetz
Relevance:Peer reviewed Publikation in Master Journal Liste (Clarivate)
Licence (German):License LogoVeröffentlichungsvertrag ohne Print-on-Demand